Your house was built as a home for humans, not for insects or other pests. Yet, at some point in your home ownership, you are likely to encounter an unwelcome pest of some sort. With all pests, from insects to rodents, it's always best to recognize the problem early on so your exterminator can get to work before the pests have much chance to multiply. So keep these signs of common indoor pests in the forefront of your mind so you can act quickly.


Mice are pretty skittish and are most active at night, so you may not actually see these rodents as they're taking up residence in your home. However, if you find tiny black droppings that look like grains of rice in your cabinets, closets, or basement, you can be pretty confident you're dealing with mice.

You may also find mouse nests made from shredded fibers and cardboard in nooks such as your crawlspace, and you might discover holes chewed in boxes and bags of food. Mice sometimes emit a musky odor, too.


The signs of a rat infestation are very similar to those of a mouse infestation. The droppings are a little larger--closer to the size of long-grain rice--but they have the same oblong shape. Rats don't have good eyesight, so they tend to travel along baseboards and walls. As they pass, they sometimes leave oily rub marks, which you may notice if you have white or light-colored baseboards.

If you do spot a rodent, here are some tips to help determine whether it's a rat or mouse:
• Mice have a little hair on their tails, but rats do not.
• Rats' noses are blunt and round, but mice have slightly pointed noises.
• Rats can be black, gray, or brown, but mice are never black.

If you're not sure whether you're dealing with mice or rats, do not worry. Your exterminator can easily identify the species at play and deal with them accordingly.


If you see one roach, there are probably hundreds you're not seeing. Roaches are most often seen in the kitchen and bathroom, and the most common variety, the German cockroach, is brown in color and about 15 mm long. Aside from seeing the bugs themselves, some signs you may have a cockroach infestation include a coffee-ground like substance (feces) inside cupboards, an unpleasant oily odor, and oval-shaped egg cases left in hidden spots.


Typically, a home only becomes infested with fleas if you have a pet. Adult fleas live on your pet, but they drop their eggs off into the carpet or furniture. When these eggs hatch, the adult fleas then jump about until they find a pet to live on.

If your pet is itching and you see tiny black-brown bugs about the size of a pinhead, you have fleas in your home. When they bite humans, they typically leave little red bumps. A call to the exterminator and to the vet are both in order as you need to treat both the animal and the environment to successfully get rid of fleas.


Earwig infestations are often overlooked. Homeowners see a bug or two and don't realize that there are, in fact, many more nesting in the basement. Earwigs are brown, oblong insects with very obvious pincers on the back end of their bodies. They're about 5/8 inch long when mature, and you'll usually spot them in wet areas like the basement, bathroom, and crawlspaces.

Though earwigs are not poisonous or overly dangerous, they can bite humans, so it's always ideal to eradicate them from your home.

If you notice any signs of the pests above, contact 49er Termite and Pest Control as soon as possible. We have experience removing all of these common pests, along with any others you may come across.